This page has been prepared by Matthew Foster. It will be regularly revised.

If you are knowledgeable on this topic or on any other please feel free to edit.


Many years ago I found this entry credited to the Encyclopedia Britannica. The entry actually addresses two issues with this single entry — the British style electoral system and Representative Democracy:

“The case for Proportional Representation is fundamentally the same as that for representative democracy. Only if an assembly represents the full diversity of opinion within a nation can its decisions be regarded as the decisions of the nation itself.”

This is one of many American quotes that state much the same thing.

“Legislatures should be an exact portrait, in miniature, of the people at large, as it should think, feel, reason, and act like them.”

— John Adams

These both are noble quotes and express what many believe to be true to British, Canadian, American, and many other, democracies, but the truth is quite removed from what we believe. Democracies which use our method of counting votes can never ever achieve a full diversity of opinion within our nations and that is just the way business motivated people want it to remain. Only by forming a movement which is actually powered by people will we overcome politicians and governments powered by elites and their moneyed cronies.

If you have ever wondered why some nations have universal health care, free college and university, subsidized childcare, maternity leave, shorter work weeks, longer vacations, better working conditions, longer life spans, less incarcerations, lower infant mortality, more gender equality in business and government, lower remuneration for corporate executives, better worker wages, better infrastructure, better education, better environmental laws, less pollution etc. etc., you need look no further than to the way votes are counted and the way some groups (including the Religious Right and Left) interfere with the process of voting; be prepared to act on these problems or be prepared to leave a bitter future as a legacy of our being here in these crucial times.

This is where some will jump in and assume I am a ‘Pinko Commie Socialist’; they regularly use a host of other words meant to demonize any contrary ideology, but to my way of thinking people are pretty much the same everywhere on the planet and those that have compassion for others are not all socialists.

There are a minimum of 18 ideology positions on my political chart. (which I will deal with separately)

There is the Left and Right which makes two (Remember that if you ask a radical Conservative who is a socialist he will tell you that is anyone with less than radical views even if they are also Conservative.)

There are the Centrists who move back and forth trying to find something that matches their aspirations but most of the time they stay home and don’t vote. This makes a minimum total of three.

If you look at the Right it again divides into two as they look for Conservative values or Free Market ideology. This makes 8 when one further divides them into Acceptable, Tolerable, Radical and Fanatical factions. This makes it a total of 8 on the Right.

If you look to the Left side we have the same Monistic and Pluralists subdivided into Acceptable, Tolerable, Radical, and Fanatical factions. This makes it a total of 8 on the Left.

If we then throw in the Environmentalists (Greens) we have 18.

Unfortunately there are people who will never see their views represented in the current voting system so – if we really want to see our governments reflect a cross section of society we need to change to a Proportional Representational system where almost all votes elect representation.

Before going further, let me explain what happened in Canada in the last two Federal elections. Whenever I mention to someone that we now have a Canadian Liberal government that received 39.5% of the vote and has 100% of the power they look at me somewhat skeptical. When I tell them that the last Conservative government received 39.6% of the popular vote and got 100% of the power, they generally ask “how is that possible?” The answer is all in how votes are counted and not in how people voted.

We in Canada and the US have what are known as WINNER TAKES ALL systems. (generally called FIRST PAST THE POST in Canada) Much of the world uses what is known as PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATIONAL systems. In a Proportional Representational System there are always more political parties – never just 2, 3 or 4. When the votes are counted, (Using the Canadian election as an example) if the Liberal Party received 39.5% of the vote it would get 39.5 % of the seats in the Parliament – not the 54% which they actually received. The Greens with 3.5% of the vote would have received 10 seats and not just one. If that isn’t enough to get you interested in PR consider the additional ways that the privileged screw us around.

Gerrymandering – by manipulating the boundaries of ridings it is possible to turn a 40% public support into a win of 60% of the seats.

Caging lists: This is sneaky way of disqualifying registered voters.

Robo calls: Used to direct people to the wrong polling station or telling them that the election is won and that it is not necessary to vote. see Canadian scandal.

Manipulate the media: Have so-called experts tell the people that their candidate will win easily to make them complacent.

Create line ups at polls: create delays at selected polling stations to frustrate voters into leaving and never voting

ID Requirements: A tactic used to challenge voters, to frustrate and embarrass voters, so they leave and do not come back the next time.

Intimidate aliens: Falsely informing aliens that it is illegal for them to vote and frighten them into staying home

Purge registered voter’s lists: If a voter has the same name as a criminal simply purge him or her from the list making them prove they are not the criminal if and when they come to vote. This is where the provisional ballot comes into play

Pulpit endorsement: Religious groups acting as agents of a political party should perhaps lose their tax status.

Financially support a fringe party: This works well if you want to take a vote from the left and give it to a Green, thereby reducing the vote count for the candidate who might otherwise have won.

.Provisional ballots: apparently don’t often get counted according to investigative reporter Greg Palast.

Other Tactics: include stuffing the ballot box, forging absentee ballots, falsifying tallies or conspiring to prevent people from voting by intimidation or other means. Yes – there are more. Sever candidate registration rules, bribery with alcohol , and drugs, orchestrated foreign influence,(possibly by operatives of opposing parties), Conservatives running as progressives when progressive parties are in favor,

Summary: One would think that democracy should be all about fair play but it is not. Only the force of people working together and determined to put things right can actually create legislations which can closely mirror a cross section of society so that it thinks, feels, and acts just as they would act. After achieving the ultimate goal of getting Proportional Representation, (or perhaps a Mixed Member Proportional system) citizens can expect to achieve the same policies as other nations using such systems.

Democracy and voting is one of the 26 categories for consideration in the long ranged plan. It is not for me to say what needs to be considered in the scheme of things, but here are some thoughts. Never forget that business interests will always favor anything that offers a profit and will fight against anything that hinders such opportunities for profit. In the minds of many, democracy is not sacred and is and will continue to be manipulated against the interests of people.

Before we condemn democracy we should do everything in our power to strengthen it as business interests will continue to do everything in their power to make it theirs. Someone said that the cure for democracy is more democracy, and that means that its weaknesses need to be exposed for what they are, and corrected through public action.

Another category in the proposed plan will be INFORMATION AND EDUCATION. It is mentioned here because business interests have a strangle hold on information so what you are highly influenced by their unrelenting efforts. You are in fact programed to be their servant from birth to death. If you support changes to Democracy, so that the resultant legislations closely resemble a cross section society, then support anything else that can help you in your efforts.

Consider the failings in everything and prepare a 25 year plan to correct them.

Recommended reading:

The Spirit Level

Video links by others (What are you suggestions?)

Fairvote Canada Video

Groups reporting on this category (what are your suggestions?)

Wikipedia article

Center for Voting and Democracy

Fairvote Canada

The World of Electoral Systems

International IDEA


It would help if you supported some of these groups



“I know no class of my fellowmen, however just, enlightened, and humane, which can be wisely and safely trusted absolutely with the liberties of any other class”
—Frederick Douglass

I am attempting to write up acceptable, tolerable, radical and fanatical ideologies from both the left and right sides of my political chart. This is my first try at capturing it all in a list form. I invite any readers to help me edit this paper.

The following Basic Radical right winged fascist Ideology, was gleaned, for the most part, from an article by Dr. Lawrence Britt – a political scientist. (Any errors in interpretation and misguided additions are mine alone)

  • There is/was an outward display of pride for anything military.
  • There are/were extreme expressions of nationalism.
  • Anything foreign is/was suspect – bordering on racial intolerance.
  • Opponents to the government are/were demonized.
  • Secrecy is/was a major tactic in hiding abuses to citizens.
  • Torture is/was used to gain information.
  • The government uses scapegoats to put fear into the minds of citizens.
  • Scapegoats are used to shift blame and hide mistakes.
  • There was great disdain of anything on the political LEFT. I.E. communism, socialism, and labor unions.
  • Racial minorities, mentally ill, and infirm were/are targeted.
  • Active opponents to government were/are intimidated or are classed as terrorists.
  • Ruler are often linked to the military as doing so is seen as an expression of nationalism and patriotism.
  • Rulers often like to wear military uniforms in public and like military parades.
  • Rulers are often linked to the military industrial complex.
  • A disproportionate share of resources was allocated to the military at the expense of domestic needs.
  • The military is used to intimidate other nations, and to assert national and corporate economic goals.
  • Foreign nations are forced into arms races to achieve a degree of security and defence. (now it is generally a quest for an atomic arsenal.)
  • Greater and more powerful weapons are constantly developed and deployed.
  • State religion generally supports the male dominated, homophobic, anti abortion attitudes.
  • Rulers portray themselves as protectors of the state’s dominant religion.
  • Most regimes attached themselves to the prominent religion of the country.
  • Ruler and propagandists like to portray other groups as “godless”.
  • Women are generally suppressed and viewed as second-class citizens.
  • Members of other religions are targeted.
  • The “Business Interest” media can be relied on to support the ruling party line.
  • Government abuses of power are seldom if ever reported to the public.
  • Population is subjected to constant propaganda and misinformation.
  • There is always an obsession with state security.
  • National security is used as a cover for secret state abuses of power.
  • Questioning of government activities is portrayed as unpatriotic.
  • Organized labor is suppressed, demonized, and made powerless or eliminated altogether.
  • The poor are viewed with suspicion, disapproval and contempt.
  • Labor is exploited everywhere and businesses have in the past used government provided slave labour in the past.
  • There is disdain for human rights.
  • There is disdain and suppression of intellectuals.
  • Intellectual and academic freedom are considered suppressive to national security.
  • Universities are tightly controlled. (in past regimes)
  • Faculty with ‘unorthodox’ ideas were harassed and eliminated.
  • Art and literature that served the national interest was all that was allowed in past regimes.
  • There is a phenomenally large prison population.
  • Police are glorified and are relatively unchecked.
  • There is/were a lot of trumped up charges against political opponents.
  • Fear is promoted as an excuse for more policing power.
  • There is/was rampant cronyism and corruption as corporate people, and plutocrats used their positions to enrich themselves.
  • Those who are/were in power also enriched themselves through the power elite.
  • Corruption was never exposed in the controlled media.
  • Elections are/were generally fraudulent. Gerrymandering, purging of voter lists, hacking of voting machine, robocall, making voters wait to long, etc)
  • Voters are/were often disenfranchised, intimidated, or their ballots were discarded.
  • As a last resort, regimes turned to the judiciary, which was beholden to the power elite.
  • Rulers are/were self-declared dictators and puppets of Theocratic, Aristocratic, Big Business, the Oil Industry, the Military Complex, and Oligarchic forces.
  • Rulers exempt (ed) themselves from all laws and treaties.
  • International treaties are abandoned or ignored.
  • Global warming and environmental protection is now considered irrelevant.
  • The pulpit has become a soapbox for preaching right wing dogma, creationism as fact and science as obscene.
  • Many adherents of the right accept as few as a  single idea as being all important while ignoring all the rest -Eg. abortion, gay marriage ((I prefer the word Pairage), birth control, euthanasia, etc..
  • Christianity itself has been systematically bastardised to incorporate greed and the possession of goods as noble.
  • The United Nations, as was the League of Nations, is treated with distain and hatred.


Note the warning from Ike, who knew well the horror of war against Fascism and Totalitarianism.

“In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.”
— Dwight David Eisenhower, 1961



Please note that ideologies are not just Left and Right but are influenced by the Independent versus the Interdependent characteristics of individuals. In the Civis Mundi Political Chart the Independent ideologies favour the top of the chart.

“The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.”
Winston Churchill

(First we have) LAISSEZ FAIRE FREEMARKETISM (Independent-hands-off Ideology)

(Below see the other Tolerable Free-marketism ideology – TRADITIONALISM)

Title of Graph  –  Tolerable Right Ideologies

Tolerable right


In Canada, the USA and elsewhere, support for the Free Market system is the perceived source of prosperity. It is unfortunate but often the creative contribution of small business ENTREPRENEURIALISM and the efforts of LABOURISM are forgotten when big business ideas become excessively predominant.

The ideology of Freemarketism is complex as it encompasses both the Laissez-faire ideas (Independent-hands-off Ideology) and those of the less dogmatic Traditionalist (Interdependent hands-on ideology) ideas. The former would like government to butt out of their affairs whereas the later accepts reasonable government participation and regulations.

The Laissez-Faire Free-Marketism is on the upper right of the graph and Traditionalist Free-Marketism on the lower right. (Between the Acceptable and Radical political ideologies) As the ideologies are similarly Right and Tolerable they share the same segment of the graph entitled in part as FREE-MARKETISM.

Laissez-faire definition from

1. The theory or system of government that upholds the autonomous character of the economic order, believing that government should intervene as little as possible in the direction of economic affairs.

2. The practice or doctrine of non-interference in the affairs of others, especially with reference to individual conduct or freedom of action

FREE MARKET definition from Wikipedia – the free dictionary

A free market is a market where the price of each item or service is arranged by the mutual consent of sellers and buyers (see supply and demand); the opposite is a controlled market, where a government sets supply and price. However, while a free market necessitates that government does not dictate prices, it also requires the traders themselves do not coerce or defraud each other, so that all trades are morally voluntary. For more information see

Simplified Laissez-Faire Free-Marketism Summary:

  • They apparently would reduce government to the basic responsibility of protecting the country from invasion. (Defence Only)
  • They support the maximum liberty in personal matters.
  • They support maximum liberty in economic matters.
  • They support the concept of barter for goods and service. (Tax avoidance?)
  • They enthusiastically support the free market.
  • They advocate small government and dislike government interference in most everything.
  • They embrace individual responsibility.
  • They oppose bureaucracy.
  • They oppose taxes.
  • They oppose government social programs but support voluntary and private charity.
  • They defend civil liberties, just as everyone claims to do.
  • They apparently tolerate diverse lifestyles. (but not so much in reality)
  • They support strong law enforcement.
  • They would dismantle health care, elderly benefits/tariffs/labour laws/unemployment benefits/public, support of sports, arts, education, culture etc.
  • They would sell off parks etc.
  • Some support euthanasia, and the likes, but there are dissenters as in all ideology.
  • Policy suggests they oppose meddling in other countries affairs (but this is unlikely in practical terms as the military is always a tool of big business)
  • They have open distain for the UN


As noted on the graph, this ideology favours the upper right side of the graph. I see this complete segment of the Civis Mundi Political Chart as strongly supporting self-interests as opposed to group interests.

There are some who say that Laissez-Faire Free-Marketism was what brought on the great depression but as I am not much of an economist I defer to others to draw their own conclusions.

Perhaps you have a better title for this ideology. Here is the challenge – No fair using the two words freedom and liberty.

TOLERABLE RIGHT IDEOLOGIES (second consideration)

FREEMARKETISM TRANDITIONALISM (Interdependent Hands-on Ideology)

Traditional Conservatives believe in the Traditional structure of society, with different social classes and different sex roles. We do not believe in everything that happened in the past. We believe that the family is the basic structure of human society, not the individual nor the Government. Mark Moncrieff blog

Traditionalism definition:

1: adherence to the doctrines or practices of a tradition

2: the beliefs of those opposed to modernism, liberalism, or radicalism


Title of Graph  –  Tolerable Right Ideologies

Tolerable right


Some may use the word Conservatism for this area of the political chart but I believe the name no longer applies to the ideology. `Parties continue to use names that do not reflect the original ideas. There seems to be little conserving in the world of Conservatism.

The Traditionalism category is currently being influenced by two groups of well-organized and strongly opinionated people – the powerful Religious Right ( by the Laissez-Faire Free-marketers. The former would lead us into Theocracy ( and the latter into Free-market Anarchism (

Simplified Traditionalism Free-Marketism Summary:

  • They tend to passionately support economic freedom.
  • They favour a free-market economy.
  • They defend civil liberties and free expression for their personal viewpoint.
  • They oppose business taxes.
  • They oppose excessive bureaucratic control over their activities.
  • They support government control and legislation on “family values” and on society’s morality.
  • They support nationalistic symbols.
  • They often support more religious teachings and symbols.
  • They outwardly promote national patriotism.
  • They oppose environmental regulations preferring voluntary standards.
  • They generally stifle raises in minimum wages for labour.
  • They generally oppose benefits for labour.
  • They generally legislate against the labour force.
  • They tolerate legal and illegal immigration and foreign worker programs as they have a positive effect on lowering labour wages.
  • They support a strong military and are not afraid to use it to protect national and business interests.
  • They support strong law enforcement.
  • They set rigid boundaries on political expression.
  • They have ever increasing dislike for the UN as the ideology moves right.



There is no ideal or real free Market economy. The Laissez-faire Free Market concept would reduce the encumbrances to zero in their version of the ideal economic world but hopefully this will never happen.

The concept of Free-Marketism encompasses entrepreneurial spirit, capitalistic input, small business, big business and international business.

In actuality the free market always has some interference by government in the mechanics of the system. Government subsidies, tariffs, taxes, labour laws, and regulations, are always there. In the Real Traditionalist Free Market world there will always be regulations so long as there is any ideology from the LEFT in the coalition of ideas within the governing party.

The following makes a good read:





Egalitarian policies are the best way to unite and empower people, and are also a necessary counterweight to the sometimes detrimental influence of market forces. Johanna Siguroardottir

Jesus was the first socialist, the first to seek a better life for mankind. Mikhail Gorbachev

Dictionary definition for Egalitarianism

1:  a belief in human equality especially with respect to social, political, and economic affairs

2:  a social philosophy advocating the removal of inequalities among people


Position of Left Tolerable Ideology on the Civis Mundi Political Chart

(Between Acceptable Left and Radical Left Ideologies)

tolerable left2


I had some difficulty with putting a name to this tolerable Left ideology category. I think that egalitarianism seems to suit it best as some other titles are used as political party names. It is used here to designate social ideas separate from Labour ideology and separate from Collectivism ideas. It is not a political party name as far as I can determine

Many people say that this ideology is a step towards Collectivism but that is not necessarily true and in fact there are many variables in the two categories of ideologies. The ideologies grow further apart as people now realize that both Socialism and Communism, as political systems, simply do not work very well.


Basic Egalitarianism Ideology:

  • Advocates believe that everyone should have a say in how the government works.
  • Many egalitarians believe that Capitalism is immoral and unjust.
  • Many egalitarians believe that Capitalism has the only viable economic system.
  • Many believe in the basic concept of private sector ownership as opposed to collective ownership. (Generally called Social Democrats)
  • Advocates believe in the principle “from each his/her ability, to each according to his/her deeds (work)
  • Advocates believe that everyone should share in the benefits of industrialization.
  • Advocates may ardently believe that natural resources should belong to the people.
  • Egalitarians believe that the government should be in control of the distribution of money for compassionate programs. (Health Care, Social Insurance, Old Age Pensions, Unemployment Insurance, Child Care etc.
  • Egalitarians favour free education. (There may be admission considerations and advancement intelligence considerations for higher education)
  • Egalitarians favour welfare where needed.
  • Egalitarians favour progressive laws and programs, for those unable to help themselves.
  • Egalitarians believe that everyone should have food regardless of their ability to work.
  • Originally both Egalitarians and Collectives believed that land, factories, and other economic resources should be government owned instead of privately owned. Since then there has been much disagreement and subsequent compromising with the Right.
  • Egalitarians believe in protecting the people’s commons (separate paper) from exploitation.
  • There is strong support for the UN



Egalitarianism seems like an appropriate name to describe those who want all of its society to be cared for from cradle to grave. (I.E. each according to his needs) You may not agree with the concept but I hope you agree that the name applies.

Egalitarians as a characteristic correctly needs to be admired and is therefore a “tolerable” ideology for the electorate to consider. (After all, most people admire the character and deeds of the Good Samaritan)

I believe that most citizens of our western countries would agree that Egalitarianism is well worth a place in the political arena to offer a counter force to Free Marketism. It is therefore given a place on the Left as a Tolerable Ideology. (Between Acceptable and Radical on this Civis Mundi Political Chart: More at

There are some distinct variables in this ideology that are brought on by the Independent versus Interdependent characteristics of individuals. If you would like to know more, you should read this Wikipedia page:

Political Chart criteria

Civis Mundi Political Chart

Before moving on to tolerable ideology lists, after previously providing acceptable and centrist ideology lists, it might be best to show how this political chart was put together.

It is obvious that Left ideology should be on the left side of the chart and the Right on the right side. It is less obvious how to handle the aspects of neutrality vs. severity; equality vs. inequality; individualism vs. authoritarianism; independence vs. interdependence; state intervention into the market place; economic systems and the markets themselves. Following all are graphically displayed for those interested. (Visit the link to see all the additional links to further information at


So if Left is on the left, and the Right is right, we have this first basic representation.

left - right2

On this next sketch the chart is divided horizontally into two equal portions.

Monism vs plualism

The upper half represents ideology that stresses independent thought and limited government intervention. This is labeled Monism rightly or wrongly.

The lower half represents ideology that promotes government and interdependent participation. This is labeled Pluralism rightly or wrongly.


Next we show how business is handled in the markets.


And the economic systems that are used to control the market place.

Markets 2

There are many more variations but this should show that they are part of all political ideologies.

This last chart simply includes the greater part of Left and Right ideologies. You can use these words to do Wikipedia searches for more information.

political systems

This project was started because I felt that any of the so called political charts that I found were designed to mislead and direct the reader/visitor to embrace and identify with Libertarian or Conservative ideology. I know I am Left leaning, but I hope that this is a fair representation of both sides of the ideology scene.

If this presentation is difficult to follow, I would appreciate any ideas on how it might be improved.




This is the third of about a dozen planned papers designed to list the ideology, and (where applicable) the manifestations of such ideology, for most all  political leanings. They will start with the Acceptable and Centrist ideologues and work through to the Fanatical ideologies over the next few weeks.

Please refer to the political chart at – It is a bit dated but it is available for anyone to take and improve.


“I must follow the people. Am I not their leader?” ~ Benjamin Disraeli

“The middle of the road is all of the usable surface. The extremes, right and left, are in the gutters.” —Dwight D. Eisenhower

“It is from the center that leaders must lead.”        — Dick Morris, pollster & political adviser Reference:

2. of or pertaining to centrists or to their political views; middle-of-the-road.


Graph Title:

Centrist -position on my political chart















There is no party in North America, that I am aware of, that is called centrist but a large segment of society fits into this category.

This citizen has been called many names – Centrist, Independent, Fence sitter, and Moderate. All covet his/her vote at election time. All try to hit him/her with some issue that will move him/her of off the fence and into their camp. All it takes, at times, is one sliver from one plank in their professed political ideology. If it strikes a nerve, you have his/her vote – providing you can get the converted to the polling station.

Many can be swayed with messages of fear and patriotism. Many can be swayed with religious prejudices and phobias. Many can be moved with a promise of prosperity or a tax cut.

Simplified Summary:

They advocate the “middle ground” regarding- governmental control of the economy, and interference in personal behaviour.

They tend to keep an open mind and make decisions based on the situation.

They tend to oppose political extremes.



Let Thomas Jefferson make this conclusion.

“I never submitted the whole system of my opinions to the creed of any party of men whatever in religion, in philosophy, in politics, or in anything else where I was capable of thinking for myself. Such addiction is the last degradation of a free and moral agent. If I could not go to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all.”




This is the second of about a dozen planned papers designed to list the ideology, and (where applicable) the manifestations of such ideology, for most all  political leanings. They will start with the Acceptable ideologues and work through to the Fanatical ideologies over the next few weeks.

Please refer to the political chart at – It is a bit dated but it is available for anyone to take and improve.


“The entrepreneur is our visionary, the creator in each of us. We’re born with that quality and it defines our lives as we respond to what we see, hear, feel, and experience. It is developed, nurtured, and given space to flourish or is squelched, thwarted, without air or stimulation, and dies.” Michael Gerber 

“Nobody talks of entrepreneurship as survival, but that’s exactly what it is and what nurtures creative thinking.”  — Anita Roddick

 Definition of Entrepreneur – American Heritage dictionary:

A person who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture.


Graph Title: Entrepreneurialism = position on my political chart

Accept Right













I would like to think that this name includes everyone who sees big and small business and all entrepreneurial ventures as worthy of a political ideology. It also includes everyone who aspires to be with the group at some time in the future.

This is a word borrowed from the French to designate an individual who has a drive to innovate, create, invent, and lead. This person assumes the responsibilities of Capital risk, of management, of organization of any economic enterprise.

This person is distinct from an ordinary manager who assumes the administration of an existing business or enterprise without any real knowledge behind the venture.

Basic Ideology of the Entrepreneur: (not obligations)

  • The right to use capital to make capital.
  • The right to incorporate the enterprise.
  • The right to take a risk with his or her own money.
  • The right to make a profit.
  • The right to hire people for wages or salary.
  • The right to discipline employees.
  • The right to discharge people who do not meet minimum expectations.
  • The right to keep the benefits of his or her endeavour.
  • The right to take advantage of new innovations and processes.
  • The right to modify objectives.
  • The right to define working hours.
  • The right to produce 24/7 if necessary.
  • The right to sell all or portions of his/her venture.
  • The right to take partners
  • The right to sell shares in the business


The Entrepreneur’s competitive spirit and creativity was, and is, the human force behind western advancement. The entrepreneur, and his financial backers, assumes this financial risk and face economic loss if the creativity is flawed in any way. Years of creative thinking, development, and planning are all wasted if the venture fails.

The important function of this individual has declined somewhat with the advance of major corporations, however small business endeavours still provide greater employment than the major corporations.

I have placed this ideology opposite Labourism, as it is the corresponding and complementing component that provides the prosperity of our cultures.

Both ideologies should be regarded as critical, and respected, components of our individual societies.

Entrepreneurialism is to be admired as much as those who labour within this concept. Everyone dreams of financial success within the business/labour framework, as both are essential components of the whole.

Common sense and reasoning suggests that we have reached another place on the graph that is totally acceptable to the average person. Once again – people being the way they are, we can expect that there will be equal suspicion, and distrust, from both sides of centre. Ergo – Democracy



This is the first of about a dozen planned papers designed to list the ideology, and (where applicable) the manifestations of such ideology, for most all  political leanings. They will start with the Acceptable ideologues and work through to the Fanatical ideologies over the next few weeks.

Please refer to the political chart at – It is a bit dated but it is available for anyone to take and improve.


“A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil.”   — Grover Cleveland

“If I were a factory employee, a workman on the railroads or a wage-earner of any sort, I would undoubtedly join the union of my trade. If I disapproved of its policy, I would join in order to fight that policy; if the union leaders were dishonest, I would join in order to put them out. I believe in the union and I believe that all men who are benefited by the union are morally bound to help to the extent of their power in the common interests advanced by the union.” Theodore Roosevelt,

LABOURISM (Laborism) definitions from

  1. political theory favoring the dominance of labor in the economic and political life of a country
  2. the doctrines and programs of the Labour party.



For all intents and purposes I have separated LABOUR from PROGRESSIVISM (A broad term used here for social ideas) as I see it as a distinct entity worthy of separate considerations. Most people, including labourers, simply want a fair deal in society. Their ideology is pretty basic when we separate out the more distinctive socialism ideology.


There is no active political party called LABOUR in Canada or in the USA that I am aware of. From what I have read from the various Labour groups they have socialist ideologies or Social democratic ideology – an ideology that reaches into the right for economic policy. (Like much of Europe perhaps)

Position of My Political Chart

POLITICAL CHART 2click on icon to see chart



Basic Labour Ideology:

  • Fair wages for work.
  • Regular review of wages
  • Reasonable working conditions
  • Opportunities for advancement
  • No discrimination
  • An adequate health and drug plan.
  • Affordable education.
  • A good workers accident compensation plan.
  • Adequate unemployment insurance.
  • Protection of bargaining rights if unionized
  • Progressive measures to prevent the hiring of replacement workers (during labour disputes.)
  • Adequate paid vacations.
  • Protection of pension plans.
  • There are many who want the social benefits of socialism while maintaining a capitalist economic system.

Conclusion: Labourism seems like a nice name to describe those that toil for their daily bread, wine, and shelter from the cold. I would like to think that this includes everyone regardless as to whether, or not, they receive actual pay for their efforts. You may not agree with the concept but I hope you agree that the name LABOURISM applies. Labour ideas should be better represented in all political party ideology in Canada and elsewhere.

Political Ideology and its characteristics

Political Ideology and its characteristics

About ten years ago a group I am associated with contacted the Dutch embassy for information on Proportional Representative electoral systems. (As is used in much of Europe) They responded by saying they would provide a Political Science Professor if we could provide at least three venues for his presentation. We readily obliged as they provided this Professor’s airfare and they sent him on his way to Toronto. All we were required to provide was transportation, accommodation and meals.

He stayed at my house for the Cambridge presentation; we fed him; he gave his talk at the Newfoundland Club; I hope you attended; we became good friends; he and his wife have returned twice to visit; not the end of the story.

I became determined to understand political ideology better and spent about a year putting together a big round political chart. In addition, I wrote out all of the manifestations of political ideology that I could find, trying hard to avoid political party names. Avoiding party names is important because parties move away from their founding ideologies as they become more extreme.

In all I compiled lists for Laborism on the Left and Entrepreneurialism on the Right and labelled these as Acceptable Ideology.

Next came Progressivism on the Left and Laissez-Faire Freemarketism & Freemarket Traditionalism on the right and labelled these as Tolerable Ideologies.

Next came Collectivism on the Left and Quasi-Fascism & Corporatism on the Right and labelled these as Radical

Next came Despotism & Socio-Anarchism (or if you prefer Anarcho-Socialism) on the Left and Free-Market Anarchism & Totalitarianism on the Right and labelled these as Fanatical.

Next appeared ideologies that are hard to place in a given spot on any chart as they reach into all party ideologies I.E The Religious Left and the Religious Right, Environmentalism and Separatism

The political chart was whittled back to the bare bones and put on my old website here – It is dated but it is available for any young people to take and improve.

At the very end there are charts indicating where the centre of the Canadian and American ideologies sit as best I could determine. You may disagree, but you are free to put the centre where you like just as I was.

The ideologies, and manifestations of such ideologies, are just sitting here on the computer. Here is hoping that someone might find them interesting enough to read and ponder. Obviously the whole collection is a bit difficult to digest at one sitting but over a few weeks it might be tolerable.

Next week I will review and post the acceptable ideology categories for your consideration.

Are you Left or Right?

What do you understand when you hear the words Left/Right?

Below is a rather extensive list of words and terminology related to the issue and meant to both amuse and inform. When an election comes around it might be an idea to simply review the list below to see whether your personality, your beliefs and ideologies favor the left or the right. You should then vote the political party that best matches you.

  • Peacekeeper / Crusader
  • Negotiate first /Action first
  • Socialism / Capitalism
  • Generosity / Greed
  • Share / Possess
  • Separation of religion and state / Freedom to promote religion in policy
  • Tolerate others / Demonize anything deeded to be leftish
  • Freedom from religion / Freedom of religion
  • Christ’s Cross / God’s Sword
  • Flexible / Rigid
  • We / Them
  • Trust your neighbor but carry a big stick / Distrust everyone and carry a big gun
  • Public informative media / Private propagandized media
  • Community / Individuals
  • Give / Take
  • Us / them
  • US /Them
  • Underprivileged / Privileged
  • Struggle for equality / Struggle to be unequal
  • World opinion / Self Interests
  • Support International Institutions / Ignore International Institutions
  • Honor responsibilities / Waffle
  • Request help / Demand help and threaten reprisals
  • Wage Earner / Privileged
  • Realities of Life for the majority / American Dream for the few
  • Regulated business / Laissez-faire business
  • Information/ Misinformation
  • Lobby /Bribe
  • Support Interests / Buy Influence
  • Tofu / Hotdog (Yuck to both)
  • Tree Hugger / Clear Cutter
  • Nature Lover / Nature Despoiler
  • Photograph / Shoot
  • Democracy / Hegemony
  • Democracy / Plutocracy
  • Democracy / Top down control
  • By the people / Buy the people
  • Multilateral Decisions / Unilateral Decisions
  • Fair Trade / Free Trade
  • Bicycle / Hummer
  • Tolerance / Intolerance
  • Labor / Entrepreneur
  • Noam Chomsky / Rush Limbaugh
  • And my favorite – People Interests / Business Interests



If we see the left as simply “people” we see a strong desire and commitment to –

  • Other people
  • The environment
  • The future
  • Our legacy
  • The rule of law
  • Equality
  • Fair trade
  • The freedom to to do business in a regulated manner
  • The responsibility to pay taxes in the country from which they received their charter to work or do business.
  • Fair remuneration for effort and contribution.
  • Compassion and aid for the underprivileged

If we look to the Right as being “business” we see a strong desire for unrestricted entrepreneurial innovation –

  • Property
  • Profit
  • Low wages for employees
  • Use of youth labor and foreign workers
  • Freedom to outsource work
  • Freedom from taxation
  • Absolution for liability
  • Free of encumbrances from pollution and environmental laws
  • Privilege and favor

This is worth your time to read –