Please note that ideologies are not just Left and Right but are influenced by the Independent versus the Interdependent characteristics of individuals. In the Civis Mundi Political Chart the Independent ideologies favour the top of the chart.
“The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.”
(First we have) LAISSEZ FAIRE FREEMARKETISM (Independent-hands-off Ideology)
(Below see the other Tolerable Free-marketism ideology – TRADITIONALISM)
Title of Graph – Tolerable Right Ideologies
In Canada, the USA and elsewhere, support for the Free Market system is the perceived source of prosperity. It is unfortunate but often the creative contribution of small business ENTREPRENEURIALISM and the efforts of LABOURISM are forgotten when big business ideas become excessively predominant.
The ideology of Freemarketism is complex as it encompasses both the Laissez-faire ideas (Independent-hands-off Ideology) and those of the less dogmatic Traditionalist (Interdependent hands-on ideology) ideas. The former would like government to butt out of their affairs whereas the later accepts reasonable government participation and regulations.
The Laissez-Faire Free-Marketism is on the upper right of the graph and Traditionalist Free-Marketism on the lower right. (Between the Acceptable and Radical political ideologies) As the ideologies are similarly Right and Tolerable they share the same segment of the graph entitled in part as FREE-MARKETISM.
Laissez-faire definition from Dictionary.com
1. The theory or system of government that upholds the autonomous character of the economic order, believing that government should intervene as little as possible in the direction of economic affairs.
2. The practice or doctrine of non-interference in the affairs of others, especially with reference to individual conduct or freedom of action
FREE MARKET definition from Wikipedia – the free dictionary
A free market is a market where the price of each item or service is arranged by the mutual consent of sellers and buyers (see supply and demand); the opposite is a controlled market, where a government sets supply and price. However, while a free market necessitates that government does not dictate prices, it also requires the traders themselves do not coerce or defraud each other, so that all trades are morally voluntary. For more information see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_market
Simplified Laissez-Faire Free-Marketism Summary:
They apparently would reduce government to the basic responsibility of protecting the country from invasion. (Defence Only)
They support the maximum liberty in personal matters.
They support maximum liberty in economic matters.
They support the concept of barter for goods and service. (Tax avoidance?)
They enthusiastically support the free market.
They advocate small government and dislike government interference in most everything.
They embrace individual responsibility.
They oppose bureaucracy.
They oppose taxes.
They oppose government social programs but support voluntary and private charity.
They defend civil liberties, just as everyone claims to do.
They apparently tolerate diverse lifestyles. (but not so much in reality)
They support strong law enforcement.
They would dismantle health care, elderly benefits/tariffs/labour laws/unemployment benefits/public, support of sports, arts, education, culture etc.
They would sell off parks etc.
Some support euthanasia, and the likes, but there are dissenters as in all ideology.
Policy suggests they oppose meddling in other countries affairs (but this is unlikely in practical terms as the military is always a tool of big business)
They have open distain for the UN
As noted on the graph, this ideology favours the upper right side of the graph. I see this complete segment of the Civis Mundi Political Chart as strongly supporting self-interests as opposed to group interests.
There are some who say that Laissez-Faire Free-Marketism was what brought on the great depression but as I am not much of an economist I defer to others to draw their own conclusions.
Perhaps you have a better title for this ideology. Here is the challenge – No fair using the two words freedom and liberty.
Traditional Conservatives believe in the Traditional structure of society, with different social classes and different sex roles. We do not believe in everything that happened in the past. We believe that the family is the basic structure of human society, not the individual nor the Government. Mark Moncrieff blog
1: adherence to the doctrines or practices of a tradition
2: the beliefs of those opposed to modernism, liberalism, or radicalism
Title of Graph – Tolerable Right Ideologies
Some may use the word Conservatism for this area of the political chart but I believe the name no longer applies to the ideology. `Parties continue to use names that do not reflect the original ideas. There seems to be little conserving in the world of Conservatism.
They tend to passionately support economic freedom.
They favour a free-market economy.
They defend civil liberties and free expression for their personal viewpoint.
They oppose business taxes.
They oppose excessive bureaucratic control over their activities.
They support government control and legislation on “family values” and on society’s morality.
They support nationalistic symbols.
They often support more religious teachings and symbols.
They outwardly promote national patriotism.
They oppose environmental regulations preferring voluntary standards.
They generally stifle raises in minimum wages for labour.
They generally oppose benefits for labour.
They generally legislate against the labour force.
They tolerate legal and illegal immigration and foreign worker programs as they have a positive effect on lowering labour wages.
They support a strong military and are not afraid to use it to protect national and business interests.
They support strong law enforcement.
They set rigid boundaries on political expression.
They have ever increasing dislike for the UN as the ideology moves right.
There is no ideal or real free Market economy. The Laissez-faire Free Market concept would reduce the encumbrances to zero in their version of the ideal economic world but hopefully this will never happen.
The concept of Free-Marketism encompasses entrepreneurial spirit, capitalistic input, small business, big business and international business.
In actuality the free market always has some interference by government in the mechanics of the system. Government subsidies, tariffs, taxes, labour laws, and regulations, are always there. In the Real Traditionalist Free Market world there will always be regulations so long as there is any ideology from the LEFT in the coalition of ideas within the governing party.
Egalitarian policies are the best way to unite and empower people, and are also a necessary counterweight to the sometimes detrimental influence of market forces. Johanna Siguroardottir
Jesus was the first socialist, the first to seek a better life for mankind. Mikhail Gorbachev
Dictionary definition for Egalitarianism
1: a belief in human equality especially with respect to social, political, and economic affairs
2: a social philosophy advocating the removal of inequalities among people
Position of Left Tolerable Ideology on the Civis Mundi Political Chart
(Between Acceptable Left and Radical Left Ideologies)
I had some difficulty with putting a name to this tolerable Left ideology category. I think that egalitarianism seems to suit it best as some other titles are used as political party names. It is used here to designate social ideas separate from Labour ideology and separate from Collectivism ideas. It is not a political party name as far as I can determine
Many people say that this ideology is a step towards Collectivism but that is not necessarily true and in fact there are many variables in the two categories of ideologies. The ideologies grow further apart as people now realize that both Socialism and Communism, as political systems, simply do not work very well.
Basic Egalitarianism Ideology:
Advocates believe that everyone should have a say in how the government works.
Many egalitarians believe that Capitalism is immoral and unjust.
Many egalitarians believe that Capitalism has the only viable economic system.
Many believe in the basic concept of private sector ownership as opposed to collective ownership. (Generally called Social Democrats)
Advocates believe in the principle “from each his/her ability, to each according to his/her deeds (work)
Advocates believe that everyone should share in the benefits of industrialization.
Advocates may ardently believe that natural resources should belong to the people.
Egalitarians believe that the government should be in control of the distribution of money for compassionate programs. (Health Care, Social Insurance, Old Age Pensions, Unemployment Insurance, Child Care etc.
Egalitarians favour free education. (There may be admission considerations and advancement intelligence considerations for higher education)
Egalitarians favour welfare where needed.
Egalitarians favour progressive laws and programs, for those unable to help themselves.
Egalitarians believe that everyone should have food regardless of their ability to work.
Originally both Egalitarians and Collectives believed that land, factories, and other economic resources should be government owned instead of privately owned. Since then there has been much disagreement and subsequent compromising with the Right.
Egalitarians believe in protecting the people’s commons (separate paper) from exploitation.
There is strong support for the UN
Egalitarianism seems like an appropriate name to describe those who want all of its society to be cared for from cradle to grave. (I.E. each according to his needs) You may not agree with the concept but I hope you agree that the name applies.
Egalitarians as a characteristic correctly needs to be admired and is therefore a “tolerable” ideology for the electorate to consider. (After all, most people admire the character and deeds of the Good Samaritan)
I believe that most citizens of our western countries would agree that Egalitarianism is well worth a place in the political arena to offer a counter force to Free Marketism. It is therefore given a place on the Left as a Tolerable Ideology. (Between Acceptable and Radical on this Civis Mundi Political Chart: More at http://civismundi.net/civismundi.php?p=06-Political+Chart)
There are some distinct variables in this ideology that are brought on by the Independent versus Interdependent characteristics of individuals. If you would like to know more, you should read this Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egalitarianism
Before moving on to tolerable ideology lists, after previously providing acceptable and centrist ideology lists, it might be best to show how this political chart was put together.
It is obvious that Left ideology should be on the left side of the chart and the Right on the right side. It is less obvious how to handle the aspects of neutrality vs. severity; equality vs. inequality; individualism vs. authoritarianism; independence vs. interdependence; state intervention into the market place; economic systems and the markets themselves. Following all are graphically displayed for those interested. (Visit the link to see all the additional links to further information at http://civismundi.net/civismundi.php?p=06-Political+Chart
So if Left is on the left, and the Right is right, we have this first basic representation.
On this next sketch the chart is divided horizontally into two equal portions.
The upper half represents ideology that stresses independent thought and limited government intervention. This is labeled Monism rightly or wrongly.
The lower half represents ideology that promotes government and interdependent participation. This is labeled Pluralism rightly or wrongly.
Next we show how business is handled in the markets.
And the economic systems that are used to control the market place.
There are many more variations but this should show that they are part of all political ideologies.
This last chart simply includes the greater part of Left and Right ideologies. You can use these words to do Wikipedia searches for more information.
This project was started because I felt that any of the so called political charts that I found were designed to mislead and direct the reader/visitor to embrace and identify with Libertarian or Conservative ideology. I know I am Left leaning, but I hope that this is a fair representation of both sides of the ideology scene.
If this presentation is difficult to follow, I would appreciate any ideas on how it might be improved.
This is the third of about a dozen planned papers designed to list the ideology, and (where applicable) the manifestations of such ideology, for most all political leanings. They will start with the Acceptable and Centrist ideologues and work through to the Fanatical ideologies over the next few weeks.
“I must follow the people. Am I not their leader?” ~ Benjamin Disraeli
“The middle of the road is all of the usable surface. The extremes, right and left, are in the gutters.” —Dwight D. Eisenhower
“It is from the center that leaders must lead.” — Dick Morris, pollster & political adviser
2. of or pertaining to centrists or to their political views; middle-of-the-road.
Centrist -position on my political chart
There is no party in North America, that I am aware of, that is called centrist but a large segment of society fits into this category.
This citizen has been called many names – Centrist, Independent, Fence sitter, and Moderate. All covet his/her vote at election time. All try to hit him/her with some issue that will move him/her of off the fence and into their camp. All it takes, at times, is one sliver from one plank in their professed political ideology. If it strikes a nerve, you have his/her vote – providing you can get the converted to the polling station.
Many can be swayed with messages of fear and patriotism. Many can be swayed with religious prejudices and phobias. Many can be moved with a promise of prosperity or a tax cut.
They advocate the “middle ground” regarding- governmental control of the economy, and interference in personal behaviour.
They tend to keep an open mind and make decisions based on the situation.
They tend to oppose political extremes.
Let Thomas Jefferson make this conclusion.
“I never submitted the whole system of my opinions to the creed of any party of men whatever in religion, in philosophy, in politics, or in anything else where I was capable of thinking for myself. Such addiction is the last degradation of a free and moral agent. If I could not go to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all.”
This is the second of about a dozen planned papers designed to list the ideology, and (where applicable) the manifestations of such ideology, for most all political leanings. They will start with the Acceptable ideologues and work through to the Fanatical ideologies over the next few weeks.
“The entrepreneur is our visionary, the creator in each of us. We’re born with that quality and it defines our lives as we respond to what we see, hear, feel, and experience. It is developed, nurtured, and given space to flourish or is squelched, thwarted, without air or stimulation, and dies.” Michael Gerber
“Nobody talks of entrepreneurship as survival, but that’s exactly what it is and what nurtures creative thinking.”— Anita Roddick
Definition of Entrepreneur – American Heritage dictionary:
A person who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture.
Graph Title: Entrepreneurialism = position on my political chart
I would like to think that this name includes everyone who sees big and small business and all entrepreneurial ventures as worthy of a political ideology. It also includes everyone who aspires to be with the group at some time in the future.
This is a word borrowed from the French to designate an individual who has a drive to innovate, create, invent, and lead. This person assumes the responsibilities of Capital risk, of management, of organization of any economic enterprise.
This person is distinct from an ordinary manager who assumes the administration of an existing business or enterprise without any real knowledge behind the venture.
Basic Ideology of the Entrepreneur: (not obligations)
The right to use capital to make capital.
The right to incorporate the enterprise.
The right to take a risk with his or her own money.
The right to make a profit.
The right to hire people for wages or salary.
The right to discipline employees.
The right to discharge people who do not meet minimum expectations.
The right to keep the benefits of his or her endeavour.
The right to take advantage of new innovations and processes.
The right to modify objectives.
The right to define working hours.
The right to produce 24/7 if necessary.
The right to sell all or portions of his/her venture.
The right to take partners
The right to sell shares in the business
The Entrepreneur’s competitive spirit and creativity was, and is, the human force behind western advancement. The entrepreneur, and his financial backers, assumes this financial risk and face economic loss if the creativity is flawed in any way. Years of creative thinking, development, and planning are all wasted if the venture fails.
The important function of this individual has declined somewhat with the advance of major corporations, however small business endeavours still provide greater employment than the major corporations.
I have placed this ideology opposite Labourism, as it is the corresponding and complementing component that provides the prosperity of our cultures.
Both ideologies should be regarded as critical, and respected, components of our individual societies.
Entrepreneurialism is to be admired as much as those who labour within this concept. Everyone dreams of financial success within the business/labour framework, as both are essential components of the whole.
Common sense and reasoning suggests that we have reached another place on the graph that is totally acceptable to the average person. Once again – people being the way they are, we can expect that there will be equal suspicion, and distrust, from both sides of centre. Ergo – Democracy
This is the first of about a dozen planned papers designed to list the ideology, and (where applicable) the manifestations of such ideology, for most all political leanings. They will start with the Acceptable ideologues and work through to the Fanatical ideologies over the next few weeks.
“A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil.” — Grover Cleveland
“If I were a factory employee, a workman on the railroads or a wage-earner of any sort, I would undoubtedly join the union of my trade. If I disapproved of its policy, I would join in order to fight that policy; if the union leaders were dishonest, I would join in order to put them out. I believe in the union and I believe that all men who are benefited by the union are morally bound to help to the extent of their power in the common interests advanced by the union.” Theodore Roosevelt,
LABOURISM (Laborism) definitions from Dictionary.com
political theory favoring the dominance of labor in the economic and political life of a country
the doctrines and programs of the Labour party.
For all intents and purposes I have separated LABOUR from PROGRESSIVISM (A broad term used here for social ideas) as I see it as a distinct entity worthy of separate considerations. Most people, including labourers, simply want a fair deal in society. Their ideology is pretty basic when we separate out the more distinctive socialism ideology.
There is no active political party called LABOUR in Canada or in the USA that I am aware of. From what I have read from the various Labour groups they have socialist ideologies or Social democratic ideology – an ideology that reaches into the right for economic policy. (Like much of Europe perhaps)
Position of My Political Chart
click on icon to see chart
Basic Labour Ideology:
Fair wages for work.
Regular review of wages
Reasonable working conditions
Opportunities for advancement
An adequate health and drug plan.
A good workers accident compensation plan.
Adequate unemployment insurance.
Protection of bargaining rights if unionized
Progressive measures to prevent the hiring of replacement workers (during labour disputes.)
Adequate paid vacations.
Protection of pension plans.
There are many who want the social benefits of socialism while maintaining a capitalist economic system.
Conclusion: Labourism seems like a nice name to describe those that toil for their daily bread, wine, and shelter from the cold. I would like to think that this includes everyone regardless as to whether, or not, they receive actual pay for their efforts. You may not agree with the concept but I hope you agree that the name LABOURISM applies. Labour ideas should be better represented in all political party ideology in Canada and elsewhere.
About ten years ago a group I am associated with contacted the Dutch embassy for information on Proportional Representative electoral systems. (As is used in much of Europe) They responded by saying they would provide a Political Science Professor if we could provide at least three venues for his presentation. We readily obliged as they provided this Professor’s airfare and they sent him on his way to Toronto. All we were required to provide was transportation, accommodation and meals.
He stayed at my house for the Cambridge presentation; we fed him; he gave his talk at the Newfoundland Club; I hope you attended; we became good friends; he and his wife have returned twice to visit; not the end of the story.
I became determined to understand political ideology better and spent about a year putting together a big round political chart. In addition, I wrote out all of the manifestations of political ideology that I could find, trying hard to avoid political party names. Avoiding party names is important because parties move away from their founding ideologies as they become more extreme.
In all I compiled lists for Laborism on the Left and Entrepreneurialism on the Right and labelled these as Acceptable Ideology.
Next came Progressivism on the Left and Laissez-Faire Freemarketism & Freemarket Traditionalism on the right and labelled these as Tolerable Ideologies.
Next came Collectivism on the Left and Quasi-Fascism & Corporatism on the Right and labelled these as Radical
Next came Despotism & Socio-Anarchism (or if you prefer Anarcho-Socialism) on the Left and Free-Market Anarchism & Totalitarianism on the Right and labelled these as Fanatical.
Next appeared ideologies that are hard to place in a given spot on any chart as they reach into all party ideologies I.E The Religious Left and the Religious Right, Environmentalism and Separatism
At the very end there are charts indicating where the centre of the Canadian and American ideologies sit as best I could determine. You may disagree, but you are free to put the centre where you like just as I was.
The ideologies, and manifestations of such ideologies, are just sitting here on the computer. Here is hoping that someone might find them interesting enough to read and ponder. Obviously the whole collection is a bit difficult to digest at one sitting but over a few weeks it might be tolerable.
Next week I will review and post the acceptable ideology categories for your consideration.
What do you understand when you hear the words Left/Right?
Below is a rather extensive list of words and terminology related to the issue and meant to both amuse and inform. When an election comes around it might be an idea to simply review the list below to see whether your personality, your beliefs and ideologies favor the left or the right. You should then vote the political party that best matches you.
Peacekeeper / Crusader
Negotiate first /Action first
Socialism / Capitalism
Generosity / Greed
Share / Possess
Separation of religion and state / Freedom to promote religion in policy
Tolerate others / Demonize anything deeded to be leftish
Freedom from religion / Freedom of religion
Christ’s Cross / God’s Sword
Flexible / Rigid
We / Them
Trust your neighbor but carry a big stick / Distrust everyone and carry a big gun
Public informative media / Private propagandized media
Community / Individuals
Give / Take
Us / them
Underprivileged / Privileged
Struggle for equality / Struggle to be unequal
World opinion / Self Interests
Support International Institutions / Ignore International Institutions
Honor responsibilities / Waffle
Request help / Demand help and threaten reprisals
Wage Earner / Privileged
Realities of Life for the majority / American Dream for the few
Regulated business / Laissez-faire business
Support Interests / Buy Influence
Tofu / Hotdog (Yuck to both)
Tree Hugger / Clear Cutter
Nature Lover / Nature Despoiler
Photograph / Shoot
Democracy / Hegemony
Democracy / Plutocracy
Democracy / Top down control
By the people / Buy the people
Multilateral Decisions / Unilateral Decisions
Fair Trade / Free Trade
Bicycle / Hummer
Tolerance / Intolerance
Labor / Entrepreneur
Noam Chomsky / Rush Limbaugh
And my favorite – People Interests / Business Interests
If we see the left as simply “people” we see a strong desire and commitment to –
The rule of law
The freedom to to do business in a regulated manner
The responsibility to pay taxes in the country from which they received their charter to work or do business.
Fair remuneration for effort and contribution.
Compassion and aid for the underprivileged
If we look to the Right as being “business” we see a strong desire for unrestricted entrepreneurial innovation –
Low wages for employees
Use of youth labor and foreign workers
Freedom to outsource work
Freedom from taxation
Absolution for liability
Free of encumbrances from pollution and environmental laws
This page has been prepared by Matthew Foster. It will be regularly revised.
If you are knowledgeable on this topic or on any other please feel free to edit.
“Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education. Franklin D. Roosevelt
If a political party receives 30 percent of the popular vote, it should receive 30 percent of the seats – not 50% or 10%, or 0% but 30%. Why do we have difficulty understanding that? Matt Foster – Civis Mundi Sum
But first a question: Would you consider, and possibly sign, a worldwide petition (to all 196 countries) every 14 days that was designed to make a meaningful change for all of mankind? That is what this idea of Civis Mundi is all about!
If you are aboriginal or possibly a minority, poor, a low-wage worker, a student, or a senior citizen then the right-winged parties will try to find a way to keep you from voting – period! When this is coupled with extremists doing God’s work it can mean trouble for democracy. We should take up the challenge and do everything we can to guarantee that they do not succeed in their goal of disenfranchising individuals within these groups of individuals. In addition, we need to persistently improve democracy, and its voting system, to work for people.
If we want to make a 25 year plan to improve both democracy and the voting system, we need to gather ideas for consideration – here are some ideas to get started:
Obstacles to voting and attempts to disenfranchise voters by radical right wing zealots
Accurate, and up to date, voter enumeration and voter lists
Reasonable voter identification verification should be government responsibility and priority
Reasonable poll hours for all groups, including workers, students, seniors
Reasonable advance polling with reasonable hours
Absolute voter and vote equality
Consistent and easily understood ballots
Adequate staffing of polling stations to avoid waiting
Reasonable polling distances from voter base
Voting time after normal working hours to maximize turnout
Use of caging lists to discredit and embarrass legitimate voters
Right to have ones vote represented
Expose the inadequacies of winner-take-all voter systems
Adequate opportunities for public to understand platforms and to quiz candidates
Penalties for attempting to deceive public with robo calls
All citizens have the right to vote and run for public office
Citizenship requirements and enforcement
Foreign interference in domestic government, private armies
Undemocratic electoral systems
Separation of religion and state
Voting machine fraud
Proportional representative systems
Minority and women’s representation
Consider voter registration via the internet
Compulsory voting consideration
The first global petition might look something like this:
Directed To: The governments of all 196 countries on this earth.
“To fully meet the equity standard an electoral system should allow every citizen’s vote to be equal to the vote of every other citizen and represent every citizen equally, we therefore as concerned citizens of this planet, urge you our political representatives, to introduce an electoral system so that following any election, the share of seats held by each party reflects the popular vote” – Of course some countries already have this. It is however that everyone everywhere should have it.