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There is nothing more powerful than an idea whose time has comeVictor Hugo

Political Ideologies

This complete paper might be called Basic Ideology(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideology). It consists of about 1500 words and 15 simple charts and identifies about 36 distinct and overlapping ideologies. These are placed on one chart in what I see as the center point of each ideology. I certainly do not expect everyone to agree on the placement of each ideology however it might help you to establish what ideologies are included in any political party regardless of its name.

Here is a different way of trying to comprehend and present political ideology. I always assumed that there could only be so many political ideas so they must fit onto a political chart somehow. (If I tried really hard the results could not possibly be as biased as World's Smallest Political Quiz(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World's_Smallest_Political_Quiz) (which is very misleading and deceptive in my opinion)

As I have never had a course in political science I am unencumbered by too much knowledge so here goes —

Political party names, and ideology, morph and change over time. They may not represent what they originally portrayed as they are modified over the years - therefore they could change position on the political chart. I think it is fair to say that most ideology generally moves to the right under corporate influence and pressure. It only moves back to the left in bad economic times. A party commonly may (and frequently does) portray itself as being left or center/left to deliberately deceive the public and to win votes. Every effort has been made here to avoid the use of political party names but sometimes it has been difficult.

So! Let's start with the basics.

 ↑  Left vs Right

Circle split into left and right

Here we have most political ideology divided into two equal sized camps. In addition to Left and Right(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Left-right_politics) ideologies there are a few that are driven solely by emotion rather than by reasoning and are harder to quantify. These are dealt with separately.

 ↑  Root Words For Basic Ideology

The left and right political camps have names associated with them. Some of the names that are used, both on the left and right have been turned into profanity and curse words by those in the opposing camp. For this paper we should avoid emotion and simply accept the words for what they are — different ideologies. (Ideology is from the word ideas) Here are the roots of our more common ideologies.

Left

Socius (Companion)
Association
Social
Socialism

Common
Commune
Community
Communism

Circle split left-right with words

Right

Cattle
Chattel
Chaput (Head)
Capital
Capitalism

 ↑  Independent versus Interdependent Ideology

Independent

Monism

Circle split horizontally with words

Pluralism

Interdependent

On this sketch the chart is divided horizontally into two equal portions.

The upper half represents ideology that stresses independent thought and limited government intervention. This is labeled Monism rightly or wrongly.

The lower half represents ideology that promotes government and interdependent participation. This is labeled Pluralism rightly or wrongly.

 ↑  Ideology Carved Into Four Basic Segments

If we put the previous charts together we have 4 pie shaped segments. We have gone from two basic ideology groups to four ideology groups. (A couple of notes have been added to clarify the basic ideology groupings.)

The Upper Right segment is primarily composed of those who are opposed to government involvement in anything. The Lower Right is primarily composed of those who see government regulations as critical to their ideology. The Upper Left and Lower Left have thoughts similar to their adjacent Right neighbors.

Independent (top of chart)
Generally against state intervention

Equality
(left side of chart)

Circle split horizontally and vertically, with words

Inequality
(right side of chart)

Interdependent (bottom of chart)
State involvement is normal

The Left advocates equality among the people whereas the Right strives for individual successes.

 ↑  Hands Off and Hands On Ideology

To again indicate the difference between the top and bottom of the chart here is a look at how it affects Markets. Individualism (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Individualism) projects and reflects its character into the ideology in the Monistic upper (Hands_off ideology) half of the chart. The Plurality or Communitarianism projects itself into the ideology in the bottom (Hands_on) half of the chart.

Hands Off Ideology
(top half)

Controlled Market
Hands Off

Free market
Hands Off

Left Ideology

Circle split horizontally and vertically, with words

Right Ideology

Controlled Market
Hands On

Free market
Hands On

Hands On Ideology
(bottom half)

 ↑  Range of Ideology From Centrist to Radical

So far we have broken the chart into four distinct segments, each with a distinct approach to ideology. As we progress from the Centrist at the centre of our chart we move outwards through four levels. For purposes of this exercise I use the terms acceptable, tolerable, radical and fanatical. This means that we have 16 ideology groups plus the centrist which makes 17. (With a 4 more to come)

#########

The colors used are self explanatory. Red is dangerous and Black is a place we should never go again - but we will if the people do not regain some order and control.

 ↑  Economic Systems

Markets are always coupled to an economic system in any ideology. The economic system changes as we move outwards through the acceptable, tolerable, radical and into the fanatical. These economic systems shown here were all gleaned from Wikipedia's vast collection and placed in what I believe are their relative positions. (I leave it to the more astute political scientist to improve on this chart)

LEFT ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

Left half circle with words

Libertarian Socialism (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libertarian_socialism)
Democratic Socialism
Participatory Economics

Market Socialism
State Socialism
Communism

RIGHT ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

Right half circle with words

Anarcho-Capitalism
Laissez-Faire Capitalism
Corporate Capitalism (same as below)

Corporate Capitalism (same as above)
State Corporatism
Fascist Economics

 ↑  Left Ideology

At this point let's put in the Left ideologies including all the scary ones that we really never understood and were afraid to ask. I have tried to avoid political party names as the party name does not always reflect the ideology to which it infers. Most of these terms come from Wikipedia where I invite you to read more in depth. The ideologies are placed in a position somewhat related to their dangerousness and monistic/pluralist influences. Any errors are unintentional.

Left side circular target with words

Social Anarchism
Libertarian Socialism
Council Communism
Progressivism
autonomism
Egalitarianism
Labor Economics
Social Democracy
Market Socialism
Socialism
Marxism-Leninism
Collectivism
Communism
Despotism
Stalinism
Statism

 ↑  RIGHT IDEOLOGIES

At this point let's put in the Right ideologies. Most of the terminology is from Wikipedia.

You will note the Fanatical extremes are Totalitarianism and Anarchism. As we experienced Totalitarianism Nazism and Fascism in the last century we know how terrible that can be. (72 MILLON CASUALTIES) The chaos of anarchism should also be avoided.

The ideologies are placed in a position somewhat related to their dangerousness and monistic/pluralist influences.

Any errors are unintentional.

Right side circular target with words

Free-market anarchism
Anarcho- apitalism
Selfism
Libertarianism
Laissez-faire
Free Market (hands off)
Plutocracy
Entrepreneurship
Aristocracy
Free Market Conservatism (hands on)
Corporatism
Fascism
Crony Capitalism
Authoritarianism
Totalitarianism

 ↑  Canadian Politics

If we put this chart back together we can draw in the positions of our present day political parties to encompass the ideologies they include in their platforms and also those they hide from view in order to get elected. (Ideologies are often hidden in many parties until they are elected — if they get a phony majority in a plurality voting system, the people can be in big trouble.)

 ↑  Canadian Conservatives

Target with ellipse at upper right

As I see it the Canadian conservatives will avoid labor and social ideologies as you can see at a glance. With the rejection of the Progressives from the party the center of ideology took a big step to the right and outward towards more radical ideologies.

They embrace entrepreneurialism, laissez fair market strategies and free market conservatism, Individualism and Libertarian ideology with its small government ideals.

They push towards free-market anarchism, crony capitalism and corporatism, and are reaching ever outwards and always to the right.

 ↑  Canadian Liberals

Target with ellipse at lower right

As I see it, the Liberal_Party_of_Canada recently shifted positions somewhat with a new leader at the helm. They share much of the right winged ideology of their political rival but are somewhat less into the radical ring.

They profess to be the party of the center but the chart shows otherwise.

They do reach across into the left to marginally engage labor and a sliver of the social programs. They embrace the entrepreneur, and free market conservatism but generally avoid laissez faire markets strategies and ideologies of the Upper Right.

They push toward crony capitalism, corporatism and are reaching ever outward at the expense of left ideologies.

 ↑  Canadian NDP

Target with ellipse at center

As I see it, the New Democratic Party present what is normally called a social democratic approach to politics.

They embrace both labor and entrepreneurial ideology. They reach to the left to embrace social and compassionate ideology and some may even embrace a little of the scary collective ideology in the left radical ring. They reluctantly reach across to the right to accept conservative economic and market ideology in today's political climate.

 ↑  Four More Ideologies

Environmental Concerns, Religious Left, Religious Right and Separatist Ideologies

Environmentalism, Religious Left, Religious Right and Separatism ideology have no fixed place on the chart. These ideologies stem from diverse passions, loathing, dogma and beliefs. Proponents other political ideas may come from any segment and any ring.

 ↑  Religious Left

Target with emphasis on left

Here, as I see it, we have the Religious Left. These are the people who see Religion (Christianity is the only religion I know) from a social ideology - giving, caring, sharing, social justice etc.

Supporters will reach from the centrist to the radical in both left groups. (segments)

This ideology cannot be forced into any other ideology group. This element of society will take their vote to the party and person whom they perceive to share their beliefs. (if there is a party available). This will generally be to a political party of the left side of the chart (Unfortunately there may not be a party from the left but there will always be one or more on the right).

 ↑  Religious Right

target with emphasis on right

Here, as I see it, we have the Religious Right. These are the people who see religion (particularity Christianity) from a totally different perspective to the Religious Left.

Supporters will reach from the centrist to the radical in both right segments.

This religious element has become an elemental part of other right winged ideology groups in North America. People with this ideology will take their vote to the party and candidate who share their ideals. This will generally be to a political party in the Upper Right side of the chart (There will always be one or two right winged parties).

 ↑  Separatist Ideology

Target with emphasis throughout

Here, as I see it, we have the Separatist groups who would like to withdraw from Canada (The same obsession is alive in many countries so we are not alone). These are the people who see Separatism as a way of escaping the friction from rival communities.

People who espouse this ideology reach into all 4 segments to varying degrees.

This ideology always stems from language, religion, cultural, historical, financial, racial, and perceived federal interference into provincial affairs. It can be exacerbated by foreign and corporate influences when they control the dialogue and the media.

 ↑  Environmentalist Ideology

Target with emphasis throughout

Environmental ideology, as I see it, can spawn a political party but it is impossible to place it in a static position with the other defined ideologies. Supports come from every segment on the chart.

It is almost impossible for environmentalists to elect anyone in a Plurality electoral system. Voting for an environmental party in reality helps right wing parties by diluting the vote which might go to a more centrist party.

Its followers can come from a wide variety of other political ideologies, undoubtedly more from the left side of the chart than from the right side.

A small portion of people may reach deeper into the more radical left side of the chart but most simply have a concern that is neglected in main party ideology. In a faulty voting system a protest vote that goes to an environmental party pleases the right parties ENVIRONMENTALISM

 ↑  American Politics

As I see it, the left has been pretty much eliminated from American political party platforms over the past century. Americans will frequently refer to their two major parties as the Party of the Left and the Party of the Right. As you can see at a glance this is not even remotely true. The extremes of the two ideologies (as depicted here) are reaching ever outwards in my chart simply because that is where I believe they are. (Many believe that they are even further right than depicted here) You can decide for yourself which ideologies they each encompass. This is the end of this paper. I hope someone can improve on it.

Links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_(United_States)

Target with ellipses and words